Clinical Neuropsychology is a specialty field within clinical psychology focused on understanding brain function through systematic analysis of brain/behavior relationships.

A clinical neuropsychologist is a doctoral-level, licensed psychologist with advanced expertise in how behavior and skills are related to brain anatomy and systems. Clinical neuropsychologists use this knowledge in the assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and/or rehabilitation of patients with neurologic, medical, neurodevelopmental and psychiatric conditions, as well as other cognitive and learning disorders.

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Patients are often referred to a neuropsychologist if they are having problems or changes in memory, concentration, language, reasoning, perception, coordination or personality. These can occur as a result of a brain injury, illness, disease, developmental delay or psychological issue.


A comprehensive neuropsychological evaluation includes a series of pencil and paper or computer-administered tests that measure a person’s cognitive abilities such as memory, attention, communication, visuospatial processing, and problem-solving. The evaluation also includes an assessment of psychological or emotional symptoms. The length of the evaluation is influenced by a person’s presenting complaints, their medical history, and how quickly and comfortably a patient is able to work.

The tests are used to determine whether a person’s cognitive changes are due to neurologic illness or injury, a psychological condition (like depression or anxiety), or reflect normal aging. Feedback regarding the results and recommendations may be presented on the same day of the evaluation; however, in lengthier evaluations, this may require a separate appointment.

In the case of pediatric evaluation, the child’s school records are reviewed. Very young children and infants can also be evaluated through a briefer process.

How to Prepare

It's best to arrive relaxed and well-rested. If you wear glasses or hearing aids, be sure to bring them, along with any medical records or medications your doctor may have requested. If you take any medications, check with your neuropsychologist about timing and dosage before your appointments.

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